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America seeks unchallenged global dominance. No holds barred tactics pursue it. Rule of law principles don’t matter. Means justify ends. Might makes right.
Events are manipulated. Wars, economic disruption, financial terrorism, and other upheavals play out in real time. Grand schemes reflect them.
Ongoing Ukrainian protests didn’t erupt by chance. Washington’s dirty hands manipulated them. Obama officials want Kiev turning West, not East. They’ll stop at nothing to achieve it.
They want Russian influence weakened. They want Ukraine’s potential ruthlessly exploited. They want its people transformed into serfs. They want another NATO member they control.
They’re playing hardball against Ukrainian President Viktor Yanukovych. They’re considering various options. State Department spokeswoman Jen Psaki said:
“All policy options, including sanctions, are on the table, in our view, but obviously that still is being evaluated.” She didn’t say what kind Washington has in mind.
It imposes sanctions recklessly. It does so lawlessly. It does it ruthlessly. One day it’ll go too far. It’ll target one victimized country too many.
Most others won’t go along. They’ll maintain normalized relations. They should be doing it now. Washington rules don’t matter if no one obeys them. It’s high time that practice took hold.
America is a global bully. It’s all take and no give. US officials warned Yanukovych. Don’t target protesters forcefully, they said.
Doing so in America is common practice. So is lawlessly interfering in the internal affairs of other countries. State terrorism is official policy. War on humanity rages.
New World Order ruthlessness reflects it. McAlvany Intelligence Advisory calls it:
• “a supranational authority to regulate world commerce and industry;
• an international organization that would control the production and consumption of oil;
• an international currency that would replace the dollar (and other major currencies);
• – a world development fund that would make funds available to (all) nations alike; (and)
• an international police force to enforce the edicts of the New World Order.”
These policies reflect the Bilderberg Group’s grand design. It includes:
• universal rules it sets;
• centralized control of world populations;
• manipulating public sentiment to do so;
• controlling global wealth and power;
• eliminating middle class societies;
• replacing them with ruler-serf ones;
• preventing real democracy from emerging;
• crushing it when it does so;
• perpetuating crises and wars;
• expanding corporate controlled trade worldwide;
• making NATO a global military;
• imposing a universal legal system;
• abolishing human and civil rights; and
• placing monied interests above all others.
This type world isn’t fit to live in. Money power in private hands is tyrannical. It’s abhorrent. So is waging war on humanity ruthlessly.
Washington glorifies it in the name of peace. The business of America is war, grand theft, and unchallenged global dominance.
One nation after another is ravaged. They’re pillaged. Their sovereignty is destroyed. Washington rules replace it. Brute force harshness reflects it.
Smedley Butler (1881 – 1940) was a former Marine major general. It was the highest authorized rank at the time. He served on active duty for over 33 years.
He was cut out of a different mold. He transformed himself after years of service. He looked back with regret. He justifiably called war a “racket.”
He spent “most of (his) time being a high class muscle-man for Big Business, for Wall Street and for the Bankers.” He called himself “a racketeer, a gangster for capitalism.”
He “helped make Mexico safe for American oil interests. (He) helped make Haiti and Cuba a decent place for the National City Bank boys to collect revenues in.”
He “helped in the raping of half a dozen Central American republics for the benefit of Wall Street” and other corporate crooks.
“The record of racketeering is long,” he said. He “helped purify Nicaragua for the international banking house of Brown Brothers.”
He “brought light to the Dominican Republic for American sugar interests. In China, (he) helped to see to it that Standard Oil went its way unmolested.”
“During those years, (he) had, as the boys in the back room would say, a swell racket.”
“Looking back at it, (he felt he) could have given Al Capone a few hints. The best he could do was operate his racket in three districts.” Butler “operated on three continents.”
America’s global empire stretches everywhere. Super-weapons Butler couldn’t have imagined enforce it. Going public made him an American hero.
Who in today’s military can match him? Who in government? Who’d dare try? Who’d survive if they did? Who’d make a difference long enough to matter?
Obama and Vladimir Putin reflect opposing doctrines. Obama solely serves monied interests. He deplores popular ones.
He advocates conflicts and instability. He pursues global dominance. He does so ruthlessly.
Putin supports peace and stability. He champions nation-state sovereignty. He respects international laws and norms. He endorses multi-polar world priorities.
On Thursday,he delivered his state of the nation address. He did so before Russia’s Federal Assembly.
It consists of the lower house State Duma and upper house Federation Council. It’s the equivalent of a joint session of Congress.
Russia seeks to be a world leader, he said. It doesn’t seek super-power status. It doesn’t want to interfere in the internal affairs of other countries.
“We will aspire to be a leader by protecting international law and insisting upon respect for national sovereignty, independence and uniqueness of peoples,” he said.
“We have always been proud of our country, yet we do not aspire to super-power status, which is understood as a claim to global or regional hegemony.”
“We are not encroaching on anyone’s interests. We are not pushing our patronage on anyone, and we are not trying to lecture anyone on how one should live.”
He called Moscow’s policy on Syria “resolute, well-judged and reasonable.”
“Not a single time have we put either our own interests and security or global security in danger. In my opinion, this is the way a mature and responsible power should act.”
“(W)e and our partners managed to turn the situation there away from war and toward the development of a nationwide Syrian political process and the achievement of civil reconciliation.”
He wants 33 months of conflict resolved peacefully.
“In my opinion,” he added, “it is our shared success that the choice was made on the basis of the fundamental principles of international law, common sense and the logic of peace.”
“At least thus far we have managed to avoid foreign military intervention in Syrian affairs and the spread of the conflict beyond the region.”
Russia “made quite a significant contribution to this process,” he stressed.
“The Syrian precedent reaffirmed the UN’s central role in global politics.”
“As the situation around Syria and around Iran today has shown, any international problem can and should be resolved exclusively by peaceful means, without resorting to military actions, which have no prospects, but only serve to cause denunciation by the majority of countries in the world.”
Putin didn’t mention America directly by name. He commented on destabilizing conflicts it initiated. He warned against foreign powers seeking a military advantage over Russia.
He called attempts to destroy the current global strategic balance futile. He dismissed claims about Washington’s so-called missile shield being defensive.
He said it has strategically offensive potential. He was outspoken about Western nations attempting to undermine Moscow’s national defense strategy.
He’s mindful about fast-strike weapons platforms able to hit high priority targets worldwide.
“The increase by foreign countries of their strategic, high-precision non-nuclear systems potential and boosting missile defense possibilities could ruin earlier reached agreements on nuclear arms control and reduction, and lead to the disruption of the so-called strategic balance,” he said.
“No one should have illusions over a possibility of taking military advantage over Russia. We will never allow this.”
Moscow’s military capability is able to respond to all challenges effectively, he stressed.
Putin commented briefly on Ukraine. Earlier he said Russia’s “integration project (is) based on equal rights and real economic interests.”
On January 1, 2010, Moscow’s Customs Union with Belarus and Kazakhstan was established. Putin hopes other regional states will join.
“I’m sure achieving Eurasian integration will only increase interest from our neighbors, including our Ukrainian partners,” he said.
His Eurasian Union success depends in large measure on whether Ukraine opts in. Putin envisions a cooperative trading bloc extending from the Pacific to Western European borders.
Ukraine weight heavily in his plans. It’s future is up for grabs. Turning East, not West, offers Yanukovych the best chance for economic progress. Joining a troubled EU alliance assures harder than ever hard times.
The battle for Ukraine continues. Washington’s hardball tactics show no letup. It remains to be seen how things turn out. Kiev’s future hangs in the balance.
A Final Comment
On December 12, Yanukovych said he’ll remove officials responsible for drafting the Association and Free Trade Area Agreement with the European Union.
“Those who prepared the agreement will be relieved of their duties or sacked altogether,” he said.
According to Prime Minister Mykola Azarov, Ukraine will sign a trade agreement with Moscow. It removes all trade contradictions.
“A visit to Moscow is planned for (December 17) so that we can sign agreements eliminating the majority of contradictions in trade with the Russian federation at the presidential level,” Azarov said.
Customs, standardizations and other issues will be resolved. Restoring trade with Russia to its former level will help Ukraine avoid economic collapse, he added.
“I assure you that we will do everything we can to” restore normal Russian/Ukrainian trade relations, he stressed.
Expect Washington and rogue EU partners to go all out to disrupt them.
Stephen Lendman lives in Chicago. He can be reached at email@example.com.
His new book is titled “Banker Occupation: Waging Financial War on Humanity.”
Visit his blog site at sjlendman.blogspot.com.
Russia pushes Viktor Yanukovych to stare down protests as EU puts Ukraine deal on ice – World – CBC News
By Don Murray, CBC News Posted: Dec 16, 2013 5:00 AM ET Last Updated: Dec 16, 2013 5:08 AM ET
- Pro-European integration protesters take part in a rally at Independence Square in Kyiv on Dec. 15, 2013. Thousands gathered on Sunday for a rally against President Viktor Yanukovich just days before he heads for a meeting at the Kremlin which the opposition fears will slam the door on integration with the European Union. (Alexander Demianchu/Reuters)
Eye on Europe
A well-travelled former CBC reporter and documentary maker, Don Murray is a freelance writer and translator based in London and Paris.
Winters are long and winters of discontent more frequent in the biggest states of the ex-Soviet Union. At Independence Square in the Ukrainian capital of Kyiv, the crowds arrived weeks ago.
Days later the police arrived, too, and tried violently to dislodge them. Instead, the police fell back,and the next day the crowds were several times larger, growing to more than half a million people.
This winter confrontation mirrors another two years ago in Moscow and an earlier one in Kyiv as well in 2004. Both were marked by large crowds, and great enthusiasm; both were followed by failure.
The Moscow failure was obvious; a few months later Vladimir Putin, the object of the demonstrators’ fury, was elected president of Russia by a comfortable majority.
The 2004 demonstrations in Ukraine — the so-called Orange Revolution — are more paradoxical, though they seemed, at the time, a success.
Their goal was to prevent the fraudulent election of Viktor Yanukovych as president, and in that they succeeded.
Yet two years later, he and his party triumphed in parliamentary elections and he became prime minister; and in 2010 he was elected president in a vote that outside observers accepted as largely untainted.
Man of controversy
But Yanukovych seems to ignite controversy in whatever he does. This latest cold-weather confrontation began after he refused, at the last minute, to sign a deal offered by the European Union.
The deal would have allowed for Ukraine to assume associate status, and thereby enjoy a free-trade deal with the 28 European states.
Why refuse? Because Russia, the Russia of Putin — the man who described the collapse of the Soviet Union as the greatest geo-political disaster of the 20th century — was offering more.
More money to Ukraine as an incentive, and more penalties — higher gas prices, indeed a cut in gas supplies — as a whip if Ukraine didn’t sign up to his post-Soviet customs union.
Yanukovych, as his wont, dithered, and played for time.
In Kyiv, the demonstrators replied by tearing down a statue of Vladimir Lenin, the dictatorial founder of the Soviet Union, a man Putin admires.
Yanukovych clearly hadn’t expected to face a second Orange Revolution in the streets.
He tried force; it merely magnified the crowds. He dismissed lieutenants who had carried out the orders to crack down. The opposition was unimpressed: It demanded the heads of his prime minister and minister of the interior. But their heads stayed on.
The crowds that dug in and grew are the Ukrainians who see Europe and the EU as their future. They are, for the most part, from Western Ukraine.
But Ukraine is a divided country. In the industrialized East, Yanukovych’s stronghold, many voters are native Russian speakers and see their future with Moscow.
They are the ones his regime brings in by special train to counter-demonstrations in Kyiv, though many do so with little enthusiasm.
“I really don’t trust our politicians,” said one man taking part in the pro-Yanukovych demonstration on the weekend. “I don’t the like opposition leaders. But, of course, the president is an idiot, too.”
Calling his bluff
The “idiot,” however, clings to power, supported by the power ministries, like the police, the security forces and the army. But, short of resorting to lethal repression, they seem powerless to stop the popular uprising.
The vague U.S. threat of economic sanctions following the aborted police crackdown, and the appearance at Independence Square on the weekend of American Senator John McCain, in support of the demonstrators, has only added to the headaches of the Ukrainian president.
Yanukovych’s bluff in recent days, of promising to continue negotiations with the EU and devise some sort of interim deal, has now been called.
The European commissioner for enlargement, Stefan Füle, tweeted on Sunday that the “words and deeds of [Ukraine] president and government further and further apart. Their arguments have no grounds in reality.” The negotiating process was frozen.
It may be another blast of cold air to many pro-Europe demonstrators, but several of the largest nations in the EU, including Britain, France and even Germany, will be perfectly at ease with the freeze.
The negotiations with Ukraine began years ago. Since then the EU has been plunged into the euro crisis and has admitted Bulgaria and Romania to its ranks.
Since then, the appetite for expansion has cooled as the problems of absorbing those two Eastern European states have proven complicated.
What’s more, some Ukrainians living in the EU are distinctly skeptical of the deal as well.
I recently listened in astonishment as several vehemently rejected the idea, saying it would merely turn Ukraine into a hewer of wood and drawer of water, a sort of Slavic Canada, for the European powerhouses.
Russia’s zero-sum game
None of these developments, mind you, have stopped the drumbeat of Russian criticism of the West in general and the EU in particular.
Putin’s prime minister, Dmitry Medvedev, has accused the EU of “crude interference” in Ukrainian affairs, while his foreign minister, Sergei Lavrov, describes the demonstrations in Kiev as the work of provocateurs, adding that the European powers have “lost their sense of reality.”
For the Putin regime, this is a zero-sum game: it’s either Russia or the EU for Ukraine. There can’t be deals with both. Which doesn’t leave Yanukovych with many good options.
But despite the size of the demonstrations in Kyiv, the opposition remains hydra-headed, only united over two things: the wish to sign the European deal and to get rid of Yanukovych.
These were the same objectives nine years ago, and that ended badly.
Lenin toppling in the snow was a photo opportunity too tasty for the world’s media not to swallow.
It recalled another famous figure pulled from his plinth 22 years ago in Moscow — Felix Dzerzhinsky, the founder of Lenin’s secret police, the Cheka.
That toppling seemed to symbolize the end of the Communist regime in the Soviet Union. Yet less than a decade later a Dzerzhinsky man, a graduate of the KGB, Vladmir Putin, was running Russia and putting ex-KGB men in positions of power around him.
Breaking a statue does not break a regime.
|The European Union has said it will suspend efforts to work with Ukraine on a trade and cooperation agreement, as 200,000 government opposition protesters gather for a rally, marking the start of a fourth consecutive week of unrest.The EU said on Sunday that Kiev’s government has “no grounds in reality”.
Stefan Fuele, EU enlargement chief, said on Twitter that he told Ukraine’s first deputy Prime Minister Serhiy Arbuzov that the EU would further discuss a trade agreement if Ukraine’s government showed a commitment to sign it.
But Fuele said he has not heard back, so negotions are on hold.
Meawhile, tensions are expected to mount as authorities have organised a demonstration to counter the opposition’s scheduled rally.
They too vowed to hold a “non-stop protest” and said they would bus thousands of Yanukovich supporters from the provinces to a park near the opposition camp.
Protesters have remained in Independence Square in the capital Kiev since Yanukovich turned down the EU trade deal in favour of fostering closer ties with Russia.
Both US and European politicians have shown their support for the opposition’s cause.
Republican Senator John McCain flew to Kiev on Saturday for meetings with Vitali Klitschko, head of the Ukrainian Democratic Alliance for Reform party (UDAR), nationalist leader Oleg Tyagnybok and Arseniy Yatsenyuk, the head of Yulia Tymoshenko’s party.
He praised the protests as “an incredible show of patriotism”.
President Yanukovich is under pressure to choose to align Ukraine with the West or with a Russian-led Customs Union.
He will travel to Moscow next week to meet with Russian President Vladimir Putin.
Ukraine President Viktor Yanukovych “intends to sign” the far-reaching trade and co-operation agreement with the European Union that he rejected only last month, said EU foreign policy chief Catherine Ashton.
- ANALYSIS: Divided Ukraine roiled by protest, love-hate with Russia
- VIDEO: George Clooney supports Ukrainian protesters
- On mobile? Watch here
Ashton said Thursday that after talks with Yanukovych in Kiev it was clear that the short-term economic and financial issues Ukraine faces can be alleviated by signing the association agreement, which will bring in fresh investment from EU nations.
Ashton said that “look, Yanukovych made it clear to me that he intends to sign the association agreement.”
Signing would be an about-face for Yanukovych since his rejection to close the deal last month made it clear he sought closer links with Russia instead. Mass protests in Kiev since have been calling for closer links with the EU.
As opposition party offices are raided and streets continue to fill with protesters, the “precarious” funding sitaution in the nation is beginning to flash red as interbank lending rates spike to 20%. Banks, clearly concerned about their own and each other’s liquidity in the face of potential deposit runs (and the accompanying counterparty risk) and huge demand for liquidity. The hryvnia is falling and bond yields are rising but it is the spike in KievPrime overnight rates that is most concerning – and policy-makers have little room to help.
Ukraine Protest: President Viktor Yanukovych Agrees To Meet With Former Leaders To Diffuse Political Crisis (VIDEO/PHOTOS)
KIEV, Ukraine (AP) — Ukraine’s president has agreed to meet with the country’s three former presidents to talk about defusing the tense political crisis gripping the country.
Viktor Yanukovych said on his website that the meeting, labeled “a nationwide roundtable” will take place Tuesday.
Meanwhile, scores of riot police in full gear were deployed outside protest strongholds in Kiev, stoking fears of a crackdown.
Yanukovych is facing the biggest opposition protests since the 2004 Orange Revolution, after he chose to freeze ties with the EU and tilt toward Moscow.
Anti-government protesters in Ukraine have toppled a statue of Vladimir Lenin in Kyiv as opposition leaders called for President Viktor Yanukovich and his government to resign at a rally of about 500,000 people, the biggest protest in the capital since the “Orange Revolution” of nine years ago.
A group of protesters dragged down and decapitated the landmark statue Sunday evening after hundreds of thousands of others took to the streets to denounce the government’s move away from Europe and toward Moscow.
Protesters took turns beating on the torso of the fallen statue, while others chanted “Glory to Ukraine!”
On a day of huge emotion, which also marked the anniversary of Ukraine’s 1991 referendum on independence from the Soviet Union, opposition leaders denounced Yanukovich for walking away from a pact offered by the European Union and swinging trade policy back towards Russia.
“They stole the dream,” heavyweight boxer-turned-opposition politician Vitaly Klitschko told the crowds on Independence Square.
“If this government does not want to fulfill the will of the people, then there will be no such government, there will be no such president. There will be a new government and a new president,” declared Klitschko, himself a contender for the next presidential election due in 2015.
After months of pressure from Russia, Yanukovich suddenly backpedalled last week from signing the deal on closer relations with the EU in favour of renewed economic dialogue with Moscow, Ukraine’s former Soviet master.
Far-right nationalist leader Oleh Tyahniboh called for a national strike to start from Sunday, and members of his Svoboda (Freedom) party occupied Kiev’s city hall along with followers of former economy minister Arseny Yatsenuk’s Batkivshchyna (Fatherland) Party.
All three opposition leaders also occupied a trade union building, turning it into a temporary headquarters.
Events evoke memories of Orange Revolution
The events, evoking memories of the 2004-5 Orange Revolution that overturned the established political order, took place against the background of an apparent attempt by a protesters to storm the main presidential office.
Interior Ministry forces and riot police fired tear gas and stun grenades to repel the protesters, who used an earth excavator in an attempt to break through police lines.
Police said 100 officers had been injured in violence during the day, news agencies reported.
But opposition politicians, who had been urging protesters all day to remain peaceful, denounced the violence at the headquarters of Yanukovich’s administration as a stage-managed “provocation” to justify a security clampdown.
They sent officials to appeal to supporters to return to the main protest on Independence Square.
“We know that the president wants to … declare a state of emergency in the country,” Yatsenyuk told reporters.
Klitschko, who heads a separate pro-Europe party, also urged his supporters to stay away from the area near the presidential offices. “The authorities are trying to turn our peaceful demonstration into a place of blood,” he said.
Police said some protesters had been detained and 22 had sought medical help, the Russian state-owned agency RIA reported.
Yanukovich’s U-turn has highlighted an old East-West tug-of-war over Ukraine, which is the cradle of eastern Slavic tradition while sharing today borders with four EU countries.
‘I want my children to live in a country where they don’t beat young people.’– Andrey, protester
Yanukovich, a native Russian-speaker, represents a constituency in the industrial east which has close cultural and linguistic kinship with Russia. In Ukrainian-speaking areas, particularly in the west, people have a more Western outlook.
Yanukovich says he has taken only a strategic pause in moves closer to Europe but the opposition accuses him of doing a deal with Russia that will ultimately harm national sovereignty.
Trying to defuse tensions before Sunday’s rally, Yanukovich said he would do everything in his power to speed up moves toward the EU. But he repeated the need to balance European integration with national interests.
The protesters, shouting “Down with the Gang!”, swept through the streets of Kyiv in a sea of blue and gold — the colours of both the EU and Ukrainian flags — before arriving at Independence Square.
The crowd had been additionally inflamed by a crackdown early on Saturday when riot police broke up an encampment of mainly young protesters using batons and stun grenades, injuring an undisclosed number of people.
Police, who had sealed off part of Independence Square following the swoop on young protesters on Saturday, withdrew as the marchers approached the square.
Call for national strike
Apart from Klitschko’s call for Yanukovich to go, far-right nationalist Tyahniboh called for a national strike. “From this day, we are starting a strike,” he declared.
“I want my children to live in a country where they don’t beat young people,” said protester Andrey, 33, the manager of a large company, who declined to give his surname for fear of reprisals.
“I want my children to live in a state that differs from the Soviet past,” said Iryna Lukyanenko, a 19-year-old student. “After Saturday, when the protest was broken up, I thought I should come today to defend our rights, We are no longer talking about ‘euro-integration,’ but our rights.”
“We are here to defend our dignity,” said Andrey Semenov, 55, who runs a small business. His friend Mykhailo, 58, said: “We are here to defend the young people, our children who are defending the future.”
The interior minister warned that police would respond to any disorder and said Ukraine had no place among the ranks of countries like Libya or Tunisia, where Arab popular uprisings overthrew autocratic old-guard leaderships.
“If there are any calls to disorder, we will respond,” Interfax quoted the minister, Vitaly Zakharchenko, as saying.
Prime Minister Mykola Azarov said late on Saturday that Yanukovich would travel to Moscow to work on a “road map” for new economic co-operation after a trip to China on Dec. 3-6, though he gave no dates.
With Ukraine’s CDS spiking and the protests growing ever more violent, the government is oddly honest:
- *AZAROV SAYS KIEV PROTESTS SPINNING OUT OF CONTROL: INTERFAX
- *AZAROV SAYS GOVT AWARE OF PLAN TO SEIZE PARLIAMENT BUILDING:IFX
- *AZAROV SAYS UKRAINE ASKING WEST FOR HELP TO CALM PROTESTS: IFX
Of course, the only voice that matter is still calm:
- *PUTIN SAYS CRISIS IN UKRAINE WILL SUBSIDE
Is that a directive or a statement…?
The following seven minutes of mayhem look eerily reminiscent of the violent pre-ambles to the middle-east’s recent coups or non-coups. As anti-government protesters demonstrated against the shunning of a European trade agreement (President Yanukovych – “I will not allow any serious economic losses and decline of living standards”); the clashes became ever more violent as the police cracked down. Following heavyweight boxing champion (and opposition leader) Vitali Klitschko’s call for a new government – “our main task is Yanukovych’s resignation. But the first step is the resignation of Azarov’s government” – the clashes left at least 265 people injured. The crackdown followed Interior Minister comments that they “won’t allow Ukraine to become another Libya or Tunisia, where uprisings toppled governments in recent years.” Of course, the main difference is the Ukraine is now squarely under Putin’s sphere of influence.
0:20 Initial fireworks followed by police flash-bangs and tear gas…
1:45 Some standard police beatings
3:00 Ubiquitous projectile exchange
3:30 Police charge…
4:30 Serious police beatings handed out
5:30 The two fronts stare each other down
6:00 Serious police reinforcements
Riot police have launched a violent crackdown in the Ukrainian capital Kiev, using batons and stun grenades to expel hundreds of pro-Europeprotesters from the city’s main Independence Square early on Saturday, according to witnesses.
Police moved in on protesters who were still camped on the square following bigger demonstrations on Friday night against President Viktor Yanukovich’s decision not to sign a landmark agreement on trade with the European Union.
Witnesses said police first fired stun grenades at the crowds and then moved in, using batons to disperse them, chasing some protesters into nearby streets.
At 5am on Saturday part of the square was sealed off by black-helmeted riot police. Nine years earlier the square had been the scene of the Orange Revolution protests against misconduct and electoral fraud.
Tension had been building in Kiev since Friday when Yanukovich walked away from signing the pact with EU leaders at a summit in Lithuania, going back on a pledge to work toward integrating his ex-Soviet republic into the European mainstream.
He said the cost of upgrading the economy to meet EU standards was too great and added that economic dialogue with Russia, Ukraine‘s former Soviet master, would be revived.
On Friday night at least four people were beaten by police, including a Reuters cameraman and a Reuters photographer, who was bloodied from blows to the head by police.
The Interfax news agency reported that police had decided to clear Independence Square after “a number of incidents”.
In the Friday night demonstrations, which involved about 10,000 protesters, heavyweight boxing champion turned politician Vitaly Klitschko said Yanukovich had dashed the aspirations of Ukrainians to join mainstream Europe.
“Today they stole our dream, our dream of living in a normal country,” said Klitschko, a contender for the 2015 presidential election. “The failure to sign the agreement of association is treason.”