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Peak Oil: The Military Seems Concerned … Just Sayin’ – Peak Oil Matters

Peak Oil: The Military Seems Concerned … Just Sayin’ – Peak Oil Matters.

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An observation worth noting … and pondering, from Dr. Nafeez Ahmed (quoting Lieutenant Colonel Daniel L. Davis):

‘A lot of high-ranking officials are starting to ask exactly these hard questions about the sustainability of the current energy system. You’ve got to remember that for the military, it doesn’t matter what you want to do. What matters is what you can do, and it’s our top priority to make sure we understand potential limits to our operational capability. Even the EIA is forecasting that we could see a peak of shale production by 2018 followed by a plateau and decline, and the Pentagon knows this. But our transport infrastructure is totally dependent on liquid fuels. How are we going to sustain that infrastructure with these decline rates? That’s why serious questions are being asked by high level US military officials as to what exactly the Army, as well as American society in general, is going to do to address this challenge.’

Is this a problem? If it is, thank goodness it will only affect the military and not the rest of us!

The military may be worried about how to transport all of its equipment and fuel along with its broad array of weaponry systems, but here in the general population, we have our transportation concerns pretty much under control. Visionary leaders in both government and industry working hard each and every day to provide citizens with all the information they’ll need to properly adapt to the energy challenges our military leaders are concerned with, and plans are this very moment taking shape to allow us all to seamlessly transition away from fossil fuel dependency and its assortment of costs and risks. Better still, industry leaders aware of those impending difficulties are plowing profits into every feasible research project designed to maximize alternative energy supplies.

So that’s what’s it’s like to spin a fact-free, feel-good story! That can be addicting for anyone who benefits from withholding information at the expense of so many others.

Three years ago, I wrote about this issue [here].

In that piece, I cited these observations:

The impact of peak oil on markets, lifestyles, and even national solvency deserves our very highest attention – but, it turns out, some important players seem to be paying no attention at all. [Chris Martenson] [1]
What Chris suspected, and as was confirmed in a presentation (by Rick Munroe) cited in his article, is that while our military (among other nations’) is definitely concerned about Peak Oil and its impact on the operations and responsibilities it’s currently charged with and will likely face in years to come, nothing is being done at the national political level. (Munroe himself, in another article, offered this: ‘This author has yet to encounter a study conducted by a military analyst which dismisses peak oil as an implausible, alarmist issue.’) There are no governmental departments and no bureaucrats who’ve been assigned the task of figuring out anything about what we should do. 
Acknowledging as have others that electoral politics hampers our officials from dealing with long-range planning and problems, Martenson added:
‘So I came away from the ASPO conference pondering two completely polar trends that combined to create a lasting discomfort. On the one hand we have more and more private and military organizations coming to the conclusion that peak oil is imminent and will change everything, possibly disruptively. On the other hand there appear to be no plans within the civilian government to deal with a liquid fuels emergency.’

More than a bit disappointing that not much has changed. Maybe it’s just me, but starting to plan after the big problems make their presence felt seems not the wisest choice.

~ My Photo: Newport Beach, CA – 02.16.14

 

Homeland Security Pre-Staging A Domestic Military Force

Homeland Security Pre-Staging A Domestic Military Force.

domestic-military-force
Image: Bloomberg

During the Iraq and Afghanistan Wars, the U.S. Army built 28,000 MRAPs (Mine-Resistant Ambush-Protected Trucks). Now the U.S. Army has announced that it is giving 13,000 of them away, for free. Who’s receiving the trucks? Homeland Security and U.S. Law Enforcement.

Instead of mothballing these MRAPs, Homeland Security is evidently pre-staging a domestic army of militarized agencies, police and law enforcement.

While Police and agencies say that all this military equipment from DHS grants will only be used against crime, the trust in many American alphabet agencies has been broken – now that we know some of the extent at which they are using technology to monitor and probe its own citizenry. DHS and many others, they’re stockpiling.

What we have here is a paranoid government, and one which is apparently and evidently ramping up for something…

The U.S. Army is giving away 13,000 armored trucks, worth about $500,000 each.

The 20-ton MRAPs, or Mine-Resistant Ambush-Protected trucks, were built specifically to save U.S. soldiers from roadside bombs in the Iraq and Afghanistan wars.

Now the trucks are patrolling U.S. city streets. U.S. law enforcement agencies have received the lion’s share of this high-powered military surplus.

-Bloomberg

Recently, retired Marine Colonel Pete Martino spoke plainly during a Concord (NH) city council public hearing over the cities intent to procure a armored attack truck (the manufacturer’s description, although the police prefer “rescue vehicle”).

He said:

What’s happening here is we’re building a domestic military, because its unlawful or unconstitutional to use American troops on American soil.

My best friend who’s a SWAT officer in Nashua (NH) who came to Iraq with me to train the Iraqi police, sent me an email with a picture of him on the streets of Watertown Mass (Massachusetts) wearing the exact same combat gear that we had in Iraq – only it was a different color.

The way we do things in the military, it’s called task organization. You take a command and then you attach units to it in order to accomplish the mission.

What’s happening is Homeland Security is pre-staging their equipment – it’s consistent. What they’re trying to do is use standardized vehicles, standardized equipment.

I saw a picture in the Boston Globe after the Marathon bombing where there was a state police officer – actually there were two officers – both had identical helmets, flak jackets, weapons, everything I wore in Iraq – only it was all blue.

The officer on one side had a big patch on his back that said Massachusetts State Police. Another officer next to him, his patch said Boston Police.

So what we’re doing here, and let’s not kid ourselves about it, we’re building a domestic army and we’re shrinking the military because the government is afraid of its own citizens.

The last time more than 10 terrorists were in the same place at one time was September 11, and all these vehicles in the world wouldn’t have prevented it, and it wouldn’t have helped anybody. So I don’t know where we’re going to use this many vehicles and this many troops. Concord is just one little cog in the wheel.

We’re building an army over here and I can’t believe people aren’t seeing it. Is everybody blind?


Video link

“Peter Martino is a citizen of the State of New Hampshire. Mr. Martino is a Colonel in the U.S. Marine Corps Reserve who has been mobilized three times. During his military career, he commanded an infantry platoon, company, and battalion. He was also the senior U.S. adviser to an Iraqi Army brigade. Mr. Martino has had a successful civilian career providing training, consulting, and program management services to private companies and to state and federal agency contractors. Mr. Martino presently holds a top secret security clearance.”
We now have desensitization – desensitizing the people getting used to seeing military hardware on local roadways.

DHS procuring-reserving nearly 2-billion rounds of ammo.
Check points to travel within our own country.
Paramilitary civilian police forces.
Mass surveillance of all citizens.
Political elite above the law.
Intimidation of press.

Something’s afoot…

“We cannot continue to rely only on our military in order to achieve the national security objectives that we’ve set. We’ve got to have a civilian national security force that’s just as powerful, just as strong, just as well-funded.”

-Barack Obama

WAKE UP PEOPLE…
civilian-security-force

US Official Claims 6,000 Russian Troops In Complete Control Of Crimea – Crisis Map Update | Zero Hedge

US Official Claims 6,000 Russian Troops In Complete Control Of Crimea – Crisis Map Update | Zero Hedge.

While the images and local news have been suggesting that Russia is in control on the Crimean peninsula, US officials (according to Bloomberg) have confirmed this:

  • *RUSSIAN FORCES IN COMPLETE CONTROL OF CRIMEA: U.S. OFFICIAL
  • *RUSSIA HAS 6,000 TROOPS IN CRIMEA, U.S. OFFICIAL SAYS
  • *KERRY TO REAFFIRM SUPPORT FOR UKRANIAN SOVEREIGNITY, PSAKI SAYS

Obama, Merkel, and Cameron are now on a conference call to discuss this “fact” and officials have just reported that US Secretary of State John Kerry will visit Kiev tomorrow (though we suspect not Sevastopol).

 

 

Via AFP

US Official Claims 6,000 Russian Troops In Complete Control Of Crimea – Crisis Map Update | Zero Hedge

US Official Claims 6,000 Russian Troops In Complete Control Of Crimea – Crisis Map Update | Zero Hedge.

While the images and local news have been suggesting that Russia is in control on the Crimean peninsula, US officials (according to Bloomberg) have confirmed this:

  • *RUSSIAN FORCES IN COMPLETE CONTROL OF CRIMEA: U.S. OFFICIAL
  • *RUSSIA HAS 6,000 TROOPS IN CRIMEA, U.S. OFFICIAL SAYS
  • *KERRY TO REAFFIRM SUPPORT FOR UKRANIAN SOVEREIGNITY, PSAKI SAYS

Obama, Merkel, and Cameron are now on a conference call to discuss this “fact” and officials have just reported that US Secretary of State John Kerry will visit Kiev tomorrow (though we suspect not Sevastopol).

 

 

Via AFP

Ukraine Tells Russia Invasion Means War as Putin Makes Plans – Bloomberg

Ukraine Tells Russia Invasion Means War as Putin Makes Plans – Bloomberg.

By Daryna Krasnolutska and Volodymyr Verbyany  Mar 2, 2014 5:34 AM ET

Heavily-armed troops displaying no identifying insignia and local pro-Russian militants stand guard outside a local… Read More

Photographer: Sean Gallup/Getty ImagesHeavily-armed soldiers without identifying insignia guard the Crimean parliament building shortly after taking up… Read More

Photographer: Yury Kirnichny/AFP via Getty ImagesA woman holds a sign during a demonstration in front of the Russian Embassy in Kiev on March 1, 2014.

Photographer: Mikhail Metzel/RIA-NOVOSTI/Pool/AFP via Getty ImagesRussian President Vladimir Putin attends a meeting at his Novo-Ogaryovo residence, outside Moscow on February 26, 2014.

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Ukraine told Russia that a military invasion would be an act of war following a vote by lawmakers in Moscow to give President Vladimir Putin the right to send troops after pro-Russian forces seized control of Crimea.

Ukraine, which put its military on full combat alert, is also mobilizing the reserves, Andriy Parubiy, secretary of the National Security and Defense Council, said in a briefing today. He urged the U.S. and U.K. to defend the country’s territorial integrity. Putin told U.S. President Barack Obama that Russia may act if violence spreads to Russian-speaking regions, the Kremlin said in a statement.

In a 90-minute phone call, Obama “expressed his deep concern over Russia’s clear violation of Ukrainian sovereignty and territorial integrity” and told Putin his country is violating international law by sending troops into Ukraine, according to a White House statement.

The U.S. and Canada are suspending preparations for a meeting of the Group of Eight industrial nations in Russia in June. The U.S. called on Russia to withdraw its forces to bases in Crimea, refrain from interfering elsewhere in Ukraine and conduct “direct engagement” with the country’s newly formed government.

Facing Default

Ethnic strife erupted in Ukraine’s Crimea region, where the majority of the population is Russian, after an uprising led to last week’s overthrow of President Viktor Yanukovych. The military movements risk destabilizing the country as its new government looks to the U.S. and Europe for a bailout to avoid default.

“The Ukrainian state will protect all citizens no matter in which region they live in and which language they speak or which church they attend,” acting Ukrainian President Oleksandr Turchynov said.

Tensions in the mostly Russian-speaking Crimea have worsened since gunmen took control of the regional legislature this week and installed a pro-Kremlin premier, Sergey Aksenov.

Ukraine asked the European Union, the U.S. and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization to consider “all means’ for the defense of its territorial integrity, the Interfax news service reported, citing Foreign Minister Andriy Deshchystya.

The United Nations Security Council held an emergency session to discuss the events in Ukraine. Following a request from Poland, NATO’s North Atlantic Council will meet today for consultations on a potential threat to its security.

‘Act of Aggression’

In a statement to the Security Council, Ukrainian Ambassador to the UN Yuriy Sergeyev called on the international community ‘‘to do everything possible” to stop a Russian “act of aggression,” saying the number of Russian soldiers in Crimea is increasing “every hour.”

Russian UN Ambassador Vitaly Churkin said “cooler heads should prevail” and the West must stop spurring the conflict by encouraging protesters.

U.S. Ambassador to the UN Samantha Power called for observers and told the session that Russia approving the use of force is “dangerous and destabilizing.”

Canada is recalling its ambassador to Moscow, Prime Minister Stephen Harper said in a statement. Japanese Foreign Minister Fumio Kishida said his country is concerned about the situation and urged all parties to exercise restraint.

‘Back Off’

“People right around the world will be thinking right now: hands off the Ukraine,” Australian Prime Minister Tony Abbott said today, according to an e-mailed transcript of an interview on Channel 10’s “The Bolt Report.” “This is not the kind of action of a friend and neighbor and really, Russia should back off.”

Crimea was given to Ukraine by Russia in 1954 by then-Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev. Ethnic Russians comprise 59 percent of Crimea’s population of about 2 million people, with 24 percent Ukrainian and 12 percent Tatar, according to 2001 census data. Russians make up 17 percent of Ukraine’s entire population of 45 million people.

Heeding a request by Putin to protect ethnic Russians, lawmakers in Moscow yesterday voted unanimously to allow him to send troops to its neighbor after unidentified troops seized facilities in Ukraine’s southern Crimea region.

‘Naked Aggression’

Ukraine is diverting funds for the military, Yatsenyuk said. Putin had no reason to request the use of force against Ukraine as Russians aren’t under threat, Turchynov said.

Turchynov earlier accused Russia of “naked aggression.” Ukraine’s defense minister said yesterday that Russia has sent 6,000 more soldiers into Crimea in the past 24 hours, while Crimean Premier Sergey Aksenov, who asked Russia for help, said Russian troops were guarding key buildings there, Interfax news service reported.

“The situation is under control,” Aksenov, who had asked for aid from Russia and was voted as leader in a closed-door session after gunmen took control of the legislature this week, was quoted as saying by Interfax. “Cooperation has been established with the Black Sea Fleet on guarding crucial facilities.”

A U.S. official described events over the past days as an orchestrated series of steps intended to make Russian military intervention in Crimea appear legitimate. The official requested anonymity to discuss classified intelligence matters.

‘Tyranny and Violence’

Putin has not yet made a decision on when to send troops, his spokesman Dmitry Peskov said by phone. Ukraine’s government said efforts to speak with Russia’s Foreign Ministry were ignored.

The vote by Russian lawmakers followed an appeal by the council of Russia’s State Duma to protect Russians in Crimea from “tyranny and violence,” RIA Novosti reported, citing SpeakerSergei Naryshkin.

Lawmakers also said Russia should no longer abide by a 1994 agreement under which Ukraine gave up its nuclear weapons in exchange for a guarantee from the U.S., U.K. and Russia to protect its independence and territorial integrity.

Russia’s Foreign Ministry said gunmen “sent by Kiev” tried to seize Crimea’s Interior Ministry. An unidentified group of masked men also took over the trade union building in Crimea’s capital, Simferopol.

Gunmen earlier surrounded Crimea’s main airport in the capital, while more than 10 trucks carrying Russian servicemen encircled the Kirov military airfield, Interfax reported, citing an unidentified person in the Ukrainian military.

Pro-Russian protesters yesterday stormed the chamber of the regional government in Kharkiv, a city in Ukraine’s northeast, and ejected government supporters in clashes where both sides threw stones and wielded sticks, the Unian news service reported yesterday.

Moscow’s Orbit

Russia has alarmed Western leaders with moves in Crimea to thwart any push by Ukraine’s democratic movement to draw the nation toward the European Union and out of Moscow’s orbit.

The turmoil comes as Ukraine’s new government tries to shore up an economy in need of aid. Ukraine needs $15 billion in the next 2 1/2 years from the International Monetary Fund, and securing a deal at the start of April would be the best scenario, Finance Minister Oleksandr Shlapak said in Kiev yesterday.

It wasn’t clear what tools the U.S. and its allies have to deter Russia from escalating the situation.

“There could be trade or financial sanctions on Russia,” said Daniel Serwer, senior fellow at the Center for Transatlantic Relations at the Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies in Washington. “The problem is no one wants to go back to a Cold War.”

Russian Goal

A full invasion of Ukraine could risk interrupting deliveries of Russian gas to other European nations and further destabilizing a country that’s already on the brink of default and elected a new government only this week. Gazprom yesterday reiterated that Ukraine owes $1.55 billion for supplies of Russian gas, RIA said, citing company officials.

Putin’s goal may instead be to ensure Russia’s military dominance of the region survives through its hold on the deep-water Black Sea port of Sevastopol, which it received in a leasing deal with Ukraine until 2042. The threat of military force may set the stage for a referendum slated for March 30 in Crimea over whether the region should have more independence from Kiev, said Ruslan Pukhov, director of the Moscow-based Center of Analysis of Strategies and Technologies.

“What the Russian army is doing now is guaranteeing the impossibility for Kiev to use force in Crimea and to ensure that the referendum will be passed,” Pukhov said by phone yesterday. “Putin’s goal is to have Crimea with as wide rights of autonomy as possible and become de facto Russia’s unofficial protectorate. The plan is to keep the Black Sea fleet forever.”

To contact the reporters on this story: Daryna Krasnolutska in Kiev atdkrasnolutsk@bloomberg.net; Volodymyr Verbyany in Simferopol, Ukraine atvverbyany1@bloomberg.net

To contact the editors responsible for this story: Balazs Penz at bpenz@bloomberg.net; John Walcott at jwalcott9@bloomberg.net Alaa Shahine, Andrew J. Barden

Ukraine calls up all military reserves – Africa – Al Jazeera English

Ukraine calls up all military reserves – Africa – Al Jazeera English.

Kiev says it needs to ensure its forces are combat-ready as Putin resists Western pressure to pull troops back.

Last updated: 02 Mar 2014 12:02

Obama and Putin spoke on the phone for 90 minutes on Saturday [Reuters]
Ukraine is calling up all military reserves and must ensure the armed forces are combat-ready as soon as possible, the country’s top security official has said.

Andriy Paruby, Secretary of the Security Council which groups top security and defence chiefs, said on Sunday that an order had also been given to the Foreign Ministry to seek US and British help in guaranteeing the security of Ukraine.

The armed forces, he said, would step up security at energy facilities, the Reuters news agency reported.

The West is facing its biggest confrontation with Russia since the Cold War after Russian President Vladimir Putin declared the right to invade his neighbour.

Ethnic Russian forces have already bloodlessly seized Crimea, an isolated Black Sea peninsula where most of the population are Russian and Moscow has a naval base, and sought to disarm the small Ukrainian contingents there on Sunday.

Putin has defied calls from the West to pull back his troops, insisting that Russia has a right to protect its interests and the Russian-speaking population in Crimea and elsewhere in Ukraine.

Of potentially even greater concern are eastern swathes of the country, where most of the ethnic Ukrainians speak Russian as a native language.

Those areas saw violent protests on Saturday, with pro-Moscow demonstrators hoisting flags at government buildings and calling for Russia to defend them.

Putin’s declaration that he has the right to invade his neighbour – for which he quickly received the unanimous approval of his parliament – opened the prospect of war in a country of 46 million people on the ramparts of central Europe.

“President Obama expressed his deep concern over Russia’s clear violation of Ukrainian sovereignty and territorial integrity, which is a breach of international law,” the White House said after the two leaders spoke for 90 minutes.

Ukrainian Prime Minister Arseny Yatseniuk, leading a government that took power after Moscow ally Viktor Yanukovich fled a week ago, said Russian armed action “would be the beginning of war and the end of any relations between Ukraine and Russia”.

Acting President Oleksander Turchinov ordered troops to be placed on high combat alert. Foreign Minister Andriy Deshchytsya said he had met European and US officials and sent a request to NATO to “examine all possibilities to protect the territorial integrity and sovereignty of Ukraine”.

‘Crimea in Russian hands’

NATO ambassadors were due to meet in Brussels on Sunday to discuss the situation. Washington has proposed sending monitors to Ukraine under the flags of the United Nations or Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe, bodies where Moscow would have a veto.

 Al Jazeera’s Rory Challands explains how Crimean referendum can lead to split

“This is probably the most dangerous situation in Europe since the Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia in 1968,” a Western official told Reuters on condition of anonymity.Washington and its allies have suspended plans to attend a G8 summit in Sochi, where Putin had just finished staging his $50bn winter Olympic games.

“Realistically, we have to assume the Crimea is in Russian hands. The challenge now is to deter Russia from taking over the Russian-speaking east of Ukraine.”

In Crimea, Ukraine’s tiny military contingent was powerless to oppose Russian forces, who bore no insignia on their uniforms but drove vehicles with Russian plates and seized government buildings, airports and other locations in the past three days.

Russian news agencies reported that Moscow’s troops had disarmed Ukrainians at several small bases.

So far there has been no sign of Russian military action in Ukraine outside Crimea, the only part of the country with a majority that is ethnically Russian and which has often voiced separatist aims at times of tension between Moscow and Kiev.

Ukraine’s Acting President Puts All Armed Forces On Full Combat Alert | Zero Hedge

Ukraine’s Acting President Puts All Armed Forces On Full Combat Alert | Zero Hedge.

In a stunning 24 hours, it now appears that Russia and the Ukraine are one formal announcement away from a state of war. From moments ago, as reported by Bloomberg:

  • UKRAINE ACTING PRESIDENT PUTS ALL FORCES ON FULL COMBAT ALERT

And this, as reported by the NYT, virtually assures the escalation to a hot war, as some provocation, somewhere will certainly take place: “a Ukrainian military official in Crimea said Ukrainian soldiers had been told to “open fire” if they came under attack by Russia troops or others.

From Reuters:

Ukraine put its armed forces on full combat alert on Saturday and warned Russia that any military intervention in the country would lead to war.

 

After a more than three-hour meeting with security and defence chiefs, Acting President Oleksander Turchinov said there was no justification for what he called Russian aggression against his country.

 

Standing beside Turchinov, Prime Minister Arseny Yatseniuk said he had urged Russia to return its troops to base in the Crimea region during a phone call with Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev and called for talks.

 

“Military intervention would be the beginning of war and the end of any relations between Ukraine and Russia,” Yatseniuk told reporters.

Finally, this:

  • Ukraine protects all Ukrainians, acting President Oleksandr Turchynov says in Kiev briefing.
  • Ukraine Prime Minister Arseniy Yatsenyuk: “diverting funds for military”
  • Turchynov: untrue that Russians are under threat
  • Turchynov: no reason for Putin request
  • Turchynov calls for national unity
  • Yatsenyuk says to take all measures to ensure peace
  • Yatsenyuk: no reason for Russia to intervene in Ukraine

Too late.

Ukraine's Acting President Puts All Armed Forces On Full Combat Alert | Zero Hedge

Ukraine’s Acting President Puts All Armed Forces On Full Combat Alert | Zero Hedge.

In a stunning 24 hours, it now appears that Russia and the Ukraine are one formal announcement away from a state of war. From moments ago, as reported by Bloomberg:

  • UKRAINE ACTING PRESIDENT PUTS ALL FORCES ON FULL COMBAT ALERT

And this, as reported by the NYT, virtually assures the escalation to a hot war, as some provocation, somewhere will certainly take place: “a Ukrainian military official in Crimea said Ukrainian soldiers had been told to “open fire” if they came under attack by Russia troops or others.

From Reuters:

Ukraine put its armed forces on full combat alert on Saturday and warned Russia that any military intervention in the country would lead to war.

 

After a more than three-hour meeting with security and defence chiefs, Acting President Oleksander Turchinov said there was no justification for what he called Russian aggression against his country.

 

Standing beside Turchinov, Prime Minister Arseny Yatseniuk said he had urged Russia to return its troops to base in the Crimea region during a phone call with Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev and called for talks.

 

“Military intervention would be the beginning of war and the end of any relations between Ukraine and Russia,” Yatseniuk told reporters.

Finally, this:

  • Ukraine protects all Ukrainians, acting President Oleksandr Turchynov says in Kiev briefing.
  • Ukraine Prime Minister Arseniy Yatsenyuk: “diverting funds for military”
  • Turchynov: untrue that Russians are under threat
  • Turchynov: no reason for Putin request
  • Turchynov calls for national unity
  • Yatsenyuk says to take all measures to ensure peace
  • Yatsenyuk: no reason for Russia to intervene in Ukraine

Too late.

Russia vs Ukraine: The Infographic | Zero Hedge

Russia vs Ukraine: The Infographic | Zero Hedge.

Curious how Ukraine, which with its population of 44 million and size of 603,628 square km makes it the largest single country entirely in Europe, stacks up against Russia? The following infographic should answer some questions regarding the (im)balance of power.

And as a follow up, here is a map showing the location of the various sites of the Russian Navy in the Crimea. These will be the first sites to see a surge in Russian troop presence.

H/t @MrHalimi, @seanrussiablog

Russia vs Ukraine: The Infographic | Zero Hedge

Russia vs Ukraine: The Infographic | Zero Hedge.

Curious how Ukraine, which with its population of 44 million and size of 603,628 square km makes it the largest single country entirely in Europe, stacks up against Russia? The following infographic should answer some questions regarding the (im)balance of power.

And as a follow up, here is a map showing the location of the various sites of the Russian Navy in the Crimea. These will be the first sites to see a surge in Russian troop presence.

H/t @MrHalimi, @seanrussiablog

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